Jaén is a city in south-central Spain. The name is derived from the Arabic word khayyān ('crossroads of caravans'). It is located in the autonomous community of Andalusia.
The inhabitants of the city are known as Jiennenses. Recently Jaén has had a great increase in cultural tourism, having received 604,523 tourists along the year 2015, 10 % more than in 2014. The city is also known as the World Capital of Olive Oil, because it is the biggest producer of the oil, known by locals as liquid gold.
The layout of Jaén is determined by its position in the hills of the Santa Catalina mountains, with steep, narrow streets, in the historical central city district. The city of Jaén is the administrative and industrial centre for the province. Industrial establishments in the city include chemical works, tanneries, distilleries, cookie factories, textile factories, as well as agricultural and olive oil processing machinery industry.